Payment of employees’ wages into their bank accounts will end violation and malpractice

The unorganized and ununionized employees, the largest workforce in India is not paid their wages(salary or pay ) into their bank accounts by their employers.These employees work in private small factories, shops and commercial establishments

The labour law applicable to these private factories like rice mills, flour mills, fabrication units, shops like groceries, stationeries, bookshops and commercial establishments like hotels, lodges, laboratories is the Payment of Wages Act,1936.

The method of payment of the employees’ wages prescribed by this law is in currency notes or by cheque or credit into their bank accounts.Now payment of the wage into employees’ bank accounts is NOT compulsory and statutorily binding on the employers.Here the employers never comply with the request of the employees to get their wages paid into their bank accounts and force their employees to accept payment of their wages in currency notes.Cash payment of the wages leads to payment of less than the legal wages. This results in glaringly exploitative malpractice stubbornly followed by employers for decades for the main reason that the employees are either illiterate, semiliterate, ignorant of their wage rates rights or simply afraid to demand their legal wages from their employers.Their fear is that their employment may be terminated immediately, though illegally and they may face the dreaded unemployment.

This widespread and chronic malpractice has resulted in extreme injustice and unfairness to the employees.It is stressed that it enables employers to pay less than the minimum wages fixed by the Government or wages mutually accepted orally by the employee and the employer, though their wages payment record shows correct but UNTRUE figures of minimum wages or mutually accepted wages.

When the labour law enforcement officer inspects the factory or shop or commercial establishment, the workers, in most cases, do not come forward to give true information of their actually received wages or refuse to sign their statement about their wages. In some rare cases, they reveal the payment of less than the minimum wages or mutually accepted wages.In very rare cases, there will be tally between the wage figures in the wage register and actual wage payment figures.The law enforcement authority is helpless in such an unfortunate situation of non-cooperation from the employees and cannot offer effective and efficient service to the employees.

The pressing legal solution to the legal deficiency is, therefore, an amendment of Section 6 of the Payment of  Wages Act,1936 to the effect that the employees’ wages should be compulsorily paid ONLY into their bank accounts.This amended law will finally end the long-established, extremely exploitative and unjust practice indulged in by employers for decades.

The Indian Government has enacted an amendment to the Payment of Wages Act,1936 on 16-2-2017( vide: labour.gov.in/wages) for adoption of any one of the three options of wage payment by the employers: in currency notes or by cheque or credit into employee’s bank account.

The amendment does not uproot the malpractice.It needs to be re-amended and made applicable to all organized and unorganized employees working in factories, shops, and commercial establishments and statutorily binding on the employers COMPULSORILY to pay their employees’ wages ONLY into their bank accounts.Paperless payment of the employees’ wages into their bank accounts will also be in compliance with the two recent major government policies of paperless money transactions of the citizens and the opening of a free bank account by every citizen of the country.The suggested crucial amendment to the Payment of Wages Act,1936 will end the violation of the law and the malpractice.

 

 

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Does God exist?

                     Recently, a woman journalist by name Gauri  Lankesh was shot dead in Bengaluru, India allegedly by religious fundamentalists in a rage against her rational and secular views and relentless fight against social injustice and socially harmful bigotry and superstitions. Three other such murders were recently committed, before the latest crime, in a similar fashion in India.  The ghastly inhuman crime stirred me again into questioning again the argument for the existence of God whose votaries commit such crimes.

Does God exist? Have the believers ever rationally questioned the existence of  God? Believers characterize God as omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent. We may look at the point as a layman from a common sense position.If God is omnipotent, why there is no plenty of everything of human consumption?  Why there are poverty and disease? Why there is injustice, crime, ill-will, hate, social strife, and war in society? If He cannot solve and prevent these social maladies and evils, He proves himself to be powerless and illusory. He cannot both be omnipotent and not be omnipotent; He cannot be both existent and non-existent at the same time. The argument inevitably leads one to the conclusion that God is a historically circumstantial human imagination.God did not create man; man created God under certain compelling historical circumstances.

Nature gives birth to life.Nature created man.Nature feeds man.Nature is governed by her own laws and eternal.The question is perennially pertinent: Who created God?Believers swear that God is self-created, beyond human understanding, mysterious and ineffable.The believer has faith that God is the self-creator,self-designer and self-appointed governor of the universe and has no satisfactory answer to the next inevitable question: Who created God? This question is endless.He has no logically valid answer to this question: his illogical answer is that God is beyond human comprehension, mysterious and to be simply believed.His answer does not pass the test of logic.

The universe is not a gift of God.The good Earth is not a gift of God.I am here on this planet because of my parents. About religion based on God, Bertrand Russell, the great philosopher says that ‘my own view of religion is that of Lucretius’:”I regard it as a disease born of  fear and as a source of untold misery to the human race.”According to Karl Marx,’Religion is the opium of the people.’    Love, friendship, family bonds, culture and, above all, humanism should replace the religion and its superstitious practices.Man should matter the most and be the measure of everything in human life.