How the Largest Informal(unorganized) Workforce In India Can Get Justice

The government of India has implemented two popular programmes  for Indian citizens:

1) cashless and paperless economy or digital money transactions by the citizens.’ Digital India programme is a flagship programme of the government of India’  and

2) opening of zero balance savings accounts in the bank by every more than 10 years old citizen, literate or illiterate.

Digital money transactions by the citizens are grouped under ten categories:

1) credit card/debit card/cash card, etc.,

2) USSD,

3) UPI,

4) mobile wallet,

5) banks prepaid card,

6) points of sale,

7) internet banking,

8} mobile banking and

9) micro ATMs and

10) AEPs.

(For details of these two major programmes,visit:cashlessindia.gov.in and pmjdy.gov.in)

In pursuance of the first scheme, employers of unorganized or informal workers are mandatorily to be made to pay their employees’ wages by credit in their bank accounts by amending Section 6 of the Payment of Wages Act,1936.

In pursuance of the second scheme, all unorganized employees can and will open their zero balance savings accounts in banks, as the scheme is for their benefit.

The unorganized workforce is the largest in India, that is, about 93 percent of the nearly 500 million workforce(Deccan Herald dated 14-10-2017).

Once the employees’ wages are mandatorily paid by crediting in their bank accounts, the law enforcing inspector will check the employees’ wage register with their bank passbooks/account statements. If he finds in the employee’s  bank passbook/account statement  payment of less wages   than the legal wages or non-payment of the wages, he has the perfect and unchallengeable documentary proof of the offence(in the form of employee’s bank passbook/account statement) committed by the employer and can prove the offence easily in the criminal court. The oral corroborative evidence of the elusive and uncooperative witnesses is not required for proving the employer’s offense.

The suggested amended payment of wages law will enable the inspector effectively to enforce the wage payment law and to do full justice to the largest section of the workforce in India, the unorganized or informal employees.

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Miraculous

The word ‘miraculous’ has two meanings:1) literal and 2) figurative.The literal meaning is ‘supernatural’ and the second meaning is ‘remarkable’ or ‘surprising’ as in miraculous escape, miraculous recovery of health.

I choose the first meaning of the word for my comment.

A miracle is a fiction.Being supernatural, it cannot be proved, as it has no provable evidence.It is against the laws of nature.Anything against the laws of nature is unreal and untrue.The world is governed by natural laws.Miracles are based on man’s misconceived perceptions.

For example, fire is created out of the required friction between two stone pieces.A matchbox and a matchstick are necessary to add fire to paper.Nothing is created out of nothing.Walking on water is a miracle.

If something is unknown to us or unexplained by the science, it does not mean it is a miraculous event or thing.Richard Dawkins, the well-known scientist says,’There are things not even the best scientists  of today can explain.’Science continues to investigate such things or events to explain them by uncovering the presumed mystery behind them and reaching the truth.The march of the science for truth is perennial.

 

 

 

 

Sources Of Knowledge

There are three ways of knowing things, living or non-living:1) through the five senses,2)  through senses aided by scientific instruments like microscope and telescope,  3) through the testing models developed and used in scientific research.

The five sense organs are;1) eye, 2) ear, 3) nose, 4) tongue and 5) skin. The eye sees the colours of the world. The ear hears the sound of the world.The nose smells the flavour of the world.The tongue tastes the sweetness, bitterness, etc. of the world. The skin feels the touch of the world. They are the gateways to the knowledge of the world; they are the windows to the world.

The microscope, telescope and all other scientific accessory instruments enable scientists to perceive the world beyond the normal reach of the senses but ultimately, indirectly through the senses.

We can see the planets and other gigantic heavenly bodies also indirectly with the help of the telescope.We can view the tiny germs through the microscope.

Models created by scientists predict the expected things based on the models and provide us with the knowledge of the reality. If they fail to do so,  they are rejected.

The mystic too is believed be aware of a glimpse of the world and not the entire truth of it.His intuition or insight may be a ray showing a direction of the road to the truth of the reality.His insightful clue is misty and unreliable.

Bertrand Russell aptly says, ‘ Of the reality or unreality of the mystic’s world I know nothing…..’ ‘What I do wish to maintain– and it is here that the scientific attitude becomes imperative– is that insight, untested and unsupported, is an insufficient guarantee of truth, in spite of the  fact that much of the most important truth is first suggested by its means’

Science uses the inductive(scientific) method for attaining the truth of the reality, whereas logic and mathematics apply the deductive method for discovering the truth of the premises or statements.

If anything is beyond the boundaries of the above means of knowing, that thing is unreal and belief in such an unreal thing- or a being- is a superstition.God, miracle, fairies, rebirth, disembodied soul, heaven, hell, magic, devil, astrology, etc. which are untestable and unknowable are unrealities and superstitious beliefs of the human imagination. They are illusions, concepts formed without evidence.

 

 

 

‘MIRACULOUS’

The word ‘miraculous’ has two meanings:1) literal and 2) figurative.The literal meaning is ‘supernatural’ and the second meaning is ‘remarkable’ or ‘surprising’ as in miraculous escape, miraculous recovery of health.Walking on water is a miracle.

I choose the first meaning of the word for my comment.

A miracle is a pure fiction.Being supernatural, it cannot be proved, as it has no provable evidence.It is against the laws of nature.Anything against the laws of nature is unreal and untrue.The world is governed by natural laws.Miracles are based on man’s misconceived perception of events and things.

For example, fire is created out of the required friction between two stone pieces.A matchbox and a matchstick are necessary to add fire to paper.Nothing is created out of nothing and nothing happens against nature’s laws.

If something is unknown to us or unexplained by the science, it does not mean it is a miraculous event or thing.Richard Dawkins, the well-known scientist says,’There are things not even the best scientists of today can explain.”Science continues to investigate such things or events to explain them by uncovering the presumed mystery behind them and reaching the truth.The march of the science for truth is perennial.

 

 

 

 

Self-introduction

I am an Indian, residing in Bengaluru and a retiree from government job of Indian labour law enforcement  inspector for 23 years,

I have a passion for rationalism and humanism.

My purpose in blogging has two elements:(1) to outline the basic tenets of rationalism and humanism in my own way in this blog site and (2) to publish blog posts and guest posts in a niche(to be chosen) for monetization.

The great thinkers like Charvaka, Confucius, Lucretius, Epicurus, Spinoza, Karl Marx, Bertrand Russell, M.N.Roy, A.C.Grayling, Daniel Dennet and scientists like Copernicus, Galileo, Darwin, Einstein, Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris have shown the road to rationalism, freedom, humanism, and, ultimately, the good life to be lived by human beings.                                                                                                                                                    To be free is to be rational.

To try to purge people of the centuries-old superstitious beliefs, bigotry, religious intolerance and hate and terrorist bloodbath, blind faith, miracle, and magic is the first element of my blogging purpose.

The spirit of rationality should pervade the human society and man should be the only centre of all human activities.

If some people become convinced of the soundness of the concepts of rationalism,, humanism, freedom and good life and subscribe to them, the first element of my purpose will be fulfilled.

I am planning to take immediate steps in the implementation of the second element of my blog purpose, that is, blog monetization.

 

To Live Good Life, Man Must Be Free

‘Good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge. Neither love without knowledge nor knowledge without love can produce a good life.’-Bertrand Russell.

I am free from the historical and’ biological baggage’ of non-existent God and his alleged intervention in human affairs and am rational to be free. As a rational man, I  am capable of living a ‘good life…inspired by love and guided by knowledge’.

I  am liberated from the pervasive grip and shackles of the illusory God and the accompanying superstitions of faith in, prayer to and worship of, God for his favours and gifts. I have thrown away as baseless and illogical the religious apologists’ concept of God as the supernatural governor of the universe issuing commands to human beings as to what they should think, say,  eat, wear, whom to marry, and what is right or wrong and an afterlife, soul and karma. Such a God is an ILLUSION created by man himself under pressing historical situation.

The religious apologists have three main cosmological. ontological and teleological arguments for the existence of God. These three stances are just ingenious rationalizations of their already accepted beliefs without ANY evidentiary basis. Since knowledge of existence of God cannot be gained directly through our five senses of sight, smell, touch, hearing and taste or indirectly through the use of special instruments like microscope and telescope and through the scientific or logical methods, God is inescapably found to be a pure illusion, a human creation or a human assumption.

A.C.Grayling, the British philosopher’s   comment on God in his The God Argument(pp 26 -27) is weighty and relevant here:

‘If a god is loving, merciful, kind, compassionate and the like, how can it tolerate pain, misery and arbitrary suffering, independent of the merits of the sufferer? How could it create or tolerate a world that is sometimes brutal to sentient beings, in tsunamis, earthquakes, terrible diseases, violent death, terror and panic?  Few human beings would inflict any of these things on those they have created(their children) or about whom they care. The existence of natural evil-disease and disaster-appears to be inconsistent with the idea of a benevolent agency, most specially if that agency designed and created such a universe.’

About Indian rationalism and atheism, Deviprasad  Chattopadhyaya, the respected authority on Indian philosophy has the following remarks:

‘Only two of the major philosophies of India can be considered as theistic and even this not without important reservations.All the other major Indian philosophies were atheistic. This means that, except for a negligible minority, the Indian philosophers found no use for the concept of God; they moreover actively engaged themselves to demonstrate-philosophically speaking-the concept of God was not in the least acceptable’.’                                                                                                                                        ‘By contrast, Buddism, Jainism, Purva Mimamsa, Shankhya, Lokayata, Nyaya-Vaisheshika in its original form were philosophies of committed atheism in India.’(Indian Atheism, pp.24 and 29).                                                                                                                                             Man must courageously shake off the age-old involuntary and irrational burden of his belief in the concepts of God, heaven, hell, afterlife, karma and soul and their accompanying meaningless rituals of prayer and surrender to God imposed on and heavily weighing down his mind and become TRULY FREE. The rational man is the free man!

Man is the maker of his own destiny. He does not need the non-existent external support of the supernatural agency, the God for his activities. He may need and can get the help of his fellow humans in all his endeavours, sorrow and for solace and peace.

Simply by praying to God-

Can man earn his livelihood without doing work? For him, ’work is worship’

Can he enjoy good health without taking good food, essential exercise or physical labour and proper rest?

Can he gain any knowledge of the world and life skills without education/self-education?

The answer is NO. The God can have NO role here, as he is non-existent.

Has God ever answered man’s prayer for gifting something in the entire human history?

Has God ever punished a man for his immorality, crime and violation of his alleged commands in the entire human history?

The answer is NO. The God, therefore, is imaginary, illusory and non-existent and, hence,  can have NO part to play in human life.

How can we then assert that he is the supernatural governor of the universe, both animate and inanimate?

Man is, therefore, the maker of his own history. Man is to man a brother. friend, father( to his children) and a fellow human being and participant in the eternal and harmonious flow of life in society. His bond with his fellowmen is and will be one of love, dignity, goodwill, sympathy, fairness and social unity irrespective of anyone’s creed, caste and colour.

The irrational mind is the enslaved mind!

Rationality is the unfailing flame shedding light on and eliminating centuries-old intellectual darkness in the human mind!!

Religious fundamentalist hate, intolerance and human bloodshed will be rooted out.

Art, music, literature and culture will bloom in full in the secure, secular society of rational and free men.

‘Man is the measure of everything’-Protagoras

Humanism nourished and led by rationalism is the right road map for all-around human growth.

 

 

 

Payment Of Employees’ Wages Into Their Bank Accounts Will End Violation And Malpractice

The unorganized and ununionized employees, the largest workforce in India is not paid their wages(salary or pay ) into their bank accounts by their employers.These employees work in private small factories, shops and commercial establishments

The labour law applicable to these private factories like rice mills, flour mills, fabrication units, shops like groceries, stationeries, bookshops and commercial establishments like hotels, lodges, laboratories is the Payment of Wages Act,1936.

The method of payment of the employees’ wages prescribed by this law is in currency notes or by cheque or credit into their bank accounts.Now payment of the wage into employees’ bank accounts is NOT compulsory and statutorily binding on the employers.Here the employers never comply with the request of the employees to get their wages paid into their bank accounts and force their employees to accept payment of their wages in currency notes.Cash payment of the wages leads to payment of less than the legal wages. This results in glaringly exploitative malpractice stubbornly followed by employers for decades for the main reason that the employees are either illiterate, semiliterate, ignorant of their wage rates rights or simply afraid to demand their legal wages from their employers.Their fear is that their employment may be terminated immediately, though illegally and they may face the dreaded unemployment.

This widespread and chronic malpractice has resulted in extreme injustice and unfairness to the employees.It is stressed that it enables employers to pay less than the minimum wages fixed by the Government or wages mutually accepted orally by the employee and the employer, though their wages payment record shows correct but UNTRUE figures of minimum wages or mutually accepted wages.

When the labour law enforcement officer inspects the factory or shop or commercial establishment, the workers, in most cases, do not come forward to give true information of their actually received wages or refuse to sign their statement about their wages. In some rare cases, they reveal the payment of less than the minimum wages or mutually accepted wages.In very rare cases, there will be tally between the wage figures in the wage register and actual wage payment figures.The law enforcement authority is helpless in such an unfortunate situation of non-cooperation from the employees and cannot offer effective and efficient service to the employees.

The pressing legal solution to the legal deficiency is, therefore, an amendment of Section 6 of the Payment of  Wages Act,1936 to the effect that the employees’ wages should be compulsorily paid ONLY into their bank accounts.This amended law will finally end the long-established, extremely exploitative and unjust practice indulged in by employers for decades.

The Indian Government has enacted an amendment to the Payment of Wages Act,1936 on 16-2-2017( vide: labour.gov.in/wages) for adoption of any one of the three options of wage payment by the employers: in currency notes or by cheque or credit into employee’s bank account.

The amendment does not uproot the malpractice.It needs to be re-amended and made applicable to all organized and unorganized employees working in factories, shops, and commercial establishments and statutorily binding on the employers COMPULSORILY to pay their employees’ wages ONLY into their bank accounts.Paperless payment of the employees’ wages into their bank accounts will also be in compliance with the two recent major government policies of paperless money transactions of the citizens and the opening of a free bank account by every citizen of the country.The suggested crucial amendment to the Payment of Wages Act,1936 will end the violation of the law and the malpractice.